What are cataracts?
A cataract is a clouding of your eye's natural lens. The natural lens is the part of your eye that's responsible for focusing light and producing clear, sharp images. Some of the causes of cataracts include:
- Exposure to bright light for years, for work or some other regular event.
- Taking steroids for asthma.
- Smoking or drinking alcohol.
- Being born with cataracts.
- Other eye conditions, like glaucoma.
What are some of the symptoms?
- Cloudy or white pupils. Your pupil is the black circle in the middle of your eye.
- Colors seem fades.
- Everything looks blurry.
- Light hurts your eyes or seems extra bright.
- You see rings around lights at night.
- Double vision in one eye.
- You can't see very well at night.
- Eyeglass or contact prescriptions change often
How do you prevent it?
- Wear sunglasses and hats.
- If you smoke, stop.
- Eat healthy foods.
- Get your eyes examined - and get your pupils dilated - every two years - if you're over 60.
How do you treat it?
Call your doctor, get a referral, and get tested if you're at risk or have any of these symptoms. Treatment options include:
- New glasses.
- Brighter lighting.
- Anti-glare sunglasses.
- Magnifying glasses.
- Surgery - only when vision loss affects everyday activities.